Developmental Disorder

Developmental Disorders

Intellectual / Learning Disability is a generalized disorder characterized by significantly impaired cognitive functioning and deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors that appears before adulthood. People with a learning disability have trouble performing specific types of skills or completing tasks if left to figure things out by themselves or if taught in conventional ways. They can have difficulty learning across more than one area of their daily living. It’s not just to do with reading or writing it also means difficulty in everyday independent functioning.  Children having IQ score below 70 generally fall in this category.

People with an intellectual disability have difficulties in:

  • Understanding complex information.
  • Using logical thinking to plan ideas and solve problems.
  • Following directions and instructions, particularly those which involve multiple steps or complex information.
  • Using judgment and abstract thought.

 

Students with mild intellectual disabilities tend to have more general, delayed development in academic, social, and adaptive skills. This delayed development is reflected in low achievement across content and skill areas as well as significantly lower scores on measures of intelligence and adaptive behavior when compared with students who are not identified with intellectual disabilities.

Interventions:

  • Special Education
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Study Groups